PROPER : Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan <p><strong>PROPER: <em>Journal of Applied Agricultural Research</em></strong> (<strong>e-ISSN 2988-506X</strong>). Is a publication media for Scientific Articles on Applied research, Published by the Department of Agricultural Production Technology (APT) of the Pangkajene Islands State Polytechnic of Agriculture, twice a year, namely in June and December. Focusing on the results of research and studies in the field of Applied Agriculture based on Agronomy (Plant Cultivation) and its derivatives (Ecology, Seeds, Breeding, Physiology), Soil Science, Pest Science and Other Plant Disturbing Organisms (PDO), Sciences based on the Application of Science and technology with Crop Objects / Food Commodities, Horticulture, Landscaping, and Plantations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>PROPER: <em>Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan</em> (e-ISSN 2988-506X). </strong>Merupakan media publikasi Artikel Ilmiah Hasil penelitian Terapan yang diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Teknologi Produksi Pertanian (TPP) Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkajene Kepulauan, &nbsp;Dua kali dalam setahun, yaitu pada bulan <em>Juni</em> dan <em>Desember</em>. &nbsp;Berfokus pada hasil penelitian dan kajian bidang Pertanian terapan (Applied Agriculture)&nbsp; yang berbasis pada ilmu Agronomi (Budidaya Tanaman) dan turunannya (Ekologi, Benih, Pemuliaan, Fisiologi),&nbsp; Ilmu Tanah (Soil Science), Ilmu Hama Penyakit dan Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman Lainnya (OPT), Ilmu-ilmu yang berbasis Penerapan Ilmu dan teknologi dengan Objek Tanaman/Komoditi Pangan, Hortikultura, Lansekap, dan Perkebunan</p> en-US (Andi Besse Poleuleng) (Muhammad Kadir) Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Bioefficacy of Trichoderma harzianum and Chitosan Oligo-saccharin as Seed Coating to Control Fusarium oxysporum Disease in Peanut <p>Formulations of biological fungicides to replace synthetic fungicides, which are potent and effective in controlling wilt and root rot in Peanut plants have not been found, so the results of the study can be the latest information. The research aims to find the most effective formulation when cultivating Peanut plants with Seed Coating. Seed-coating treatment of T. harzianum and chitosan compounds is expected to be more effective in preventing or controlling the attack of Fusarium wilt disease on Peanut plants. The study was designed according to Randomized Group Design (RAK) with the treatment of Seed Coating T. <em>harzianum</em> and Chitosan nanoparticles (<em>Chitosan olligosaccharin</em>), with a Control Treatment Design without Seed Coating, Seed Coating T. <em>harzianum,</em> Seed Coating Kitosan, Seed Coating Kitosan + T. <em>harzianum</em>, Inorganic Seed Coating with 64% Metalaxil. The lowest intensity of wilting was still shown by the control treatment of 64% Metalaxil chemical pesticide, with an average wilting intensity of 23.5%, but the Seed Coating Kitosan + T. <em>harzianum</em> treatment was the closest with an average wilting rate of 31.5%, significantly different from the control wilting intensity which reached 92.5%. While the best control effectiveness after Metalaxil is also Chitosan + T. <em>harzianum.</em>&nbsp; Seed Coating Chitosan and T. <em>harzianum</em> also provide better dry weight of stalks than other Seed Coating treatments with an average of 5.1 Kg/Ha</p> Riska Riska, Nurul Rahmaniar, Wiwi Fatmawati Karma, Fitri Ikrawati, Muhammad Kadir ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Variation in Packaging and Fermentation Duration on Quality Characteristics of Tempeh base Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) <h4><strong>Sorghum is a cereal-type food plant that has a higher protein value compared to other cereals, so it can be used as an alternative material to replace soybeans as raw material for making tempeh. Several ways of processing sorghum have succeeded in increasing protein levels, one of which is tempeh fermentation. This study aims to determine the type of packaging and the length of fermentation on the quality haracteristics of sorghum tempeh and analyze the quality of sorghum tempeh with variations in packaging and fermentation duration. This research used a 2-factor Completely Randomized Design (CRD), the first factor was the length of fermentation consisting of 3 levels, namely 1, 2, 3 days and the packaging type factor consisted of banana leaf and plastic packaging. The results showed that the best fermentation duration was 3 days with a protein content value of 10.12%, while the best type of packaging was banana leaf packaging.&nbsp; The quality of tempeh sorghum in 3 days fermentation with banana leaf packaging type has 69.40% moisture content, 1.40% ash content, 10.35% protein content, and 1.50% fat content.&nbsp; Organoleptic test results showed that the preferred tempeh characteristics were those fermented for 3 days using banana leaf packaging with texture 3.39, taste 3.55, aroma 3.71, and overall 3.58.</strong></h4> Nur Faidah Munir, Sri Udayana Tartar, Nurul Ashari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 15 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Potential of rice supply and demand in relation to food security in Mamuju Regency <p><em>Rice is one of the main agricultural products and makes agriculture the most important sector in the Indonesian economy. Indonesian people's dependence on rice makes agriculture the frontline of Indonesia's food security. Rice has the main strategic value as a staple food. This study aims to determine and analyze the availability of rice in Mamuju Regency and determine the level of rice consumption each year in the last 5 years (2018-2022) in Mamuju Regency. This research uses a quantitative descriptive method, where the data is processed using MS Excel software. Data analysis was carried out on rice production and availability. The results showed that:&nbsp; 1) Rice availability in Mamuju Regency has decreased in the last 5 years although it has an increasing trend in the last 2 years. The highest rice availability occurred in 2018 with a production of 78,469 tons and the last rice production was 52,144 tons in 2022, 2) Rice demand in Mamuju Regency continues to increase from year to year in line with the increase in population. The need in 2018 is 23,455 tons and continues to increase until it reaches 25,753 tons in 2022. 3) The need for rice in Mamuju increases from year to year, but in general Mamuju Regency is classified as a surplus area. There are 8 sub-districts that are surplus and 3 sub-districts that are deficit. The deficit areas are geographically located in coastal and island areas with mountainous topography which also does not allow for rice fields</em></p> Subhan Subhan, Junaedi Junaedi, Darmawan Darmawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 18 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and PGPR Application on Paddy Yield Components <p>o increase the productivity of rice plants, the use of biological fertilizers based on Fungi or beneficial bacteria is very necessary to be carried out through experiments so as to obtain maximum benefits by finding or obtaining the right dose and concentration in spurring the growth and production of rice plants Where in the future the environmental effects of the use of non-organic fertilizers must be really considered and eliminated in order to prevent more severe environmental damage, besides that the use of biological fertilizers and other organics is very urgent. For this reason, the research aims to study the effect of the application of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and PGPR, especially on plant Yield components. The research was designed with a 2-factor Split Plot design, pattern consisting of the main plot is PGPR application consisting of concentrations of 10, 20 and 30 ml/L plus control treatment and the subplots are AMF doses of 10, 20, and 30 grams per plant respectively. The experiment was conducted on 50 cm x 50 cm plots. The application of AMF was carried out on rice seedlings during transplanting while PGPR application began 7 days after transplanting. Observations were made on generative or production parameters including the number of panicles per plant, grain weight per plant and grain weight per plant. The results showed that the application of mycorrhiza dose as much as 30 g per plant gave the best effect on the number of production components of the number of panicles, the number of grains, the grain<br>contained with a better average compared to plants that were not treated with mycorrhiza (AMF), as well as the<br>application of PGPR as much as 30 ml / L had a real effect and gave the best results on the number of panicles,<br>the average grain weight, and the average grain weight contained and all better than plants that were not treated<br>with PGPR.</p> Muhammad Aswad, Zahraeni Kumalawati, Muhammad Yusuf ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 07 Jan 2024 09:23:17 +0000 Genetic Diversity of Porang Genotypes in South Sulawesi Based on RAPD Molecular Markers <p>The genetic diversity of the Porang plant (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume) is currently the object of study to see the glucomannan content due to the high demand to be used as an additive that can thicken liquid elements in food ingredients. Some agroforestry areas in South Sulawesi are known to have various types of porang species with different glucomannan content. It is known that porang distribution areas are found in three districts, namely Maros Regency, Bulukumba Regency and Bantaeng Regency. This study refers to the sampling of the three locations and laboratory analysis at the Molecular Biology Laboratory of the Center for Research and Development of Biotechnology and Agricultural Genetic Resources, Bogor, West Java. The research took place from April to June 2023. The test method used was genetic-based with quantitative and qualitative DNA testing, analyzed by the Numerical Taxonomy and Multivariate Analysis System (NTSYS) with the Sequential, Agglomerative, Hierarchical, and Nested Clustering (SAHN) method. A measure of the degree of genetic similarity distance of porang plants is determined based on the similarity coefficient using the Group Average Clustering method. The data results show a phylogenetic tree that forms five clusters based on 10 RAPD molecular markers based on the similarity coefficient value is 0.61. Based on the result, the closest porang plant relationship is MR3, BL3, BT3, MR4, BL4, BT4, MR5, BT5, BL6, BT6, and BL9, then BL8, and BT8. Furthermore, it’s important to continue this research to obtain morphological and physiological characters of porang plants in these three districts</p> Muh Dzulkifly Ashan, Muh Aswad Ashan, Agussalim Agussalim, Hidayati Nurkhasanah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 05 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Initial Cooking Time on the Physical Characteristics of Milkfish jerky (Chanos chanos) based on Organoleptic Tests <p>Diversification of processed milkfish products is an effort to fulfill people's tastes and nutritional needs by consuming fish as a source of protein. Milkfish jerky is a method of processing fish that is very popular with the public because it has a distinctive and savory taste. Milkfish jerky processing aims to extend the shelf life and add economic value by changing food ingredients or primary raw materials into secondary processed products or ready-to-eat final products. One way to determine the quality of milkfish jerky products is visually by looking at the physical form of the product. In processing milkfish jerky, the process of boiling milkfish is carried out, which has previously been carried out by dry curing or mixing herbs or spices into the fish. The aim of this research is to determine the effect of the right cooking time so that the best physical Characteristics of milkfish jerky products are obtained based on organoleptic tests. In this research, the milkfish boiling process stage was carried out using different boiling times, namely 5 minutes, 10 minutes and 15 minutes, then dried in the oven at a temperature of 800<sup>o</sup>C for 4 hours using 3 repetitions and organoleptic tests were carried out by 15 panelists using Observation parameters on physical characteristics, namely the appearance and texture of milkfish jerky products.</p> Nur Jihad Syahra, Monika Agustia, Andi Besse Poleuleng, Susi Indriani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 08 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis Chemical Compound Content of Roasted Fermented Cocoa Beans from South Sulawesi Using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) <p>Cocoa beans are the main raw material in chocolate bar processing. The quality and flavor of chocolate product are highly dependent on the chemical compounds contained the cocoa beans used. In addition, post-harvest handling of cocoa beans in the form of fermentation and roasting causes the appearance of a distinctive chocolate flavor. This research aims to analyze the content of chemical compounds contained in fermented roasted cocoa benas using gas chromatography- mass spectrometry (GC-MS) instruments. The results of GS-MS analysis showed 19 peaks that are representing 13 chemical compounds. Based on the result, there are 5 compounds that significantly have the largest percent peak’s area, which sequentially consist of Tetrapentacontane compounds of 8,44% and 5, 85%, Nondecane (CAS) as many as 7,10%, 14-beta-h-pregna compounds of 6.50%, Hahnfett compounds of 5,75%, and Tetratriacontane compounds as many as 4,12%.</p> Dian Magfirah Hala, Abdul Mutalib, Susi Indriani, Andi Besse Poleuleng, Andi Ayu Nurnawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 08 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Planning and Development of Pesantren Streetscape, Cimahi City, West Java <p><em>Pesantren Street (Jalan Pesantren) is one of the collector roads located in Cibabat Urban Village, Cimahi City which has problems with the condition of the road landscape which is ordinary, less attractive, and not organized. This research aims to plan the streetscape by maintaining and improving the function and comfort of the road by identifying potential and constraints from biophysical and activity aspects.&nbsp; The method used is the planning stage which starts from research activities and is limited to the planning stage which is included in synthesis. The basic concept of landscape planning for Pesantren Street is Connectivity and Walkability Approach by realizing a streetscape that is connected, safe, comfortable, beautiful, identifiable, and beneficial for the surrounding community and users. The spatial plan consists of circulation space, buffer space and service space. The circulation plan includes vehicular circulation and pedestrian/bicycle circulation with a shared space street system. The facility plan includes street complementary facilities and information systems, while the green space plan is a comfort green space, buffer green space and aesthetic green space.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keyword : Landscape Planning, Streetscape, Pesantren Street, Cimahi City </em></p> Monika Agustia, Hersanti Eko Ratnaningrum, Fariza Fadillah Allama, Yulius Budi Prastiyo, Susi Indriani, Nur Jihad Syahra, Andi Besse Poleuleng ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 08 Feb 2024 10:57:47 +0000